REFORESTATION IN HAITI: THE PROJECT AT A GLANCE
Essence planted in 2016: mainly cocoa
Objectives: fight against deforestation, development of organic and fair trade cocoa sector, reduction of rural migration, fight against climate change, strengthening food security, environmental education in schools
Location: Departments of Grand'Anse and Nippes (southern Haiti)
Type of planting: community plantations
Two planting periods:
- Tree nurseries: 1) from June to October and 2) from November to March
- Picking out: 1) from October and 2) from March
Activities: construction and nursery management, planting, harvesting, recycling and cocoa exports, students of environmental awareness.
Partners and associated organizations: Kaleos the CAUD (Coopérative Agricole Union Développement) and other cooperatives
Massive deforestation and rural exodus
Long known as the pearl of the Antilles, Haiti has suffered severe deforestation over the past century.In 1920, 60% of Haiti was covered with forests, against only 2% today. What makes Haiti one of the most deforested country in the world. The massive loss of forest cover is mainly due to the production of charcoal, which is the primary source of energy of the people. On site, deforestation has serious consequences. It causes soil erosion, declining productivity of arable land, stress of drought and desertification in the final, which itself increases the pressure on trees still standing.
In this context, when the cocoa farmers plots no longer offer sufficient income to support the household, some of them decide to abandon their native region to join the country's capital, Port-au-Prince, hit by the earthquake of 2010. deforestation hollow impoverishment of farmers and so throw them on the roads of the rural exodus.Other farmers decide to become charcoal producers to develop their meager existing revenue, accelerating especially the phenomenon of deforestation and creates a vicious circle.
Organic cocoa chain and fair incomes
On site Reforest'Action provides organic cocoa producers of young trees, once planted on their land, provide fair income after some years.When it's useful, producers receive at the same time bananas that provide their income in the first year, pending those from cocoa. Monitoring of trees is provided continuously on the ground by our partner Kaleos.
When cocoa trees mature, Kaleos buy the beans at a fair price certified.The beans are then fermented, dried and sorted on site, creating dozens of local jobs. They are then exported for high quality chocolate producers in Europe. These revenues sustainably improve the family living conditions and food security. The money also helps finance school fees and educational materials for children. More generally, the project promotes maintaining populations in their area and fight well against the rural exodus to Port-au-Prince.
Protected environment and students engaged
By diverting the farmers in production of charcoal through fair income from organic cocoa, the project contributes to the fight against deforestation.Another advantage locally, reforestation reduce landslide risks and drying of soils and rivers as much as it helps preserve local biodiversity. A global, planted trees involved in the fight against climate change through CO2 they sequester.
Educationally, hundreds of students each year receive young cocoa trees they plant in family plots to be aware of the issues and benefits of the tree and the forest.The proper care of their trees, followed by the school steering committee allows them to get points on the report card. After a few years, revenues from cocoa they sell to help finance their education.
PLANT TREES IN HAITI
Businesses: if you are interested in planting trees in Haïti with your customers and employees, please contacts us : contact(a)reforestaction.com +33 184 780 480